The resistance to scratching of a surface of paper by other paper surfaces or other materials.
The ability of a material to take up moisture
A type of paper folding in which each fold runs in the opposite direction to the previous fold creating a pleated or accordion effect.
This is duplicate record where you have more than one record at the same address, regardless of individual name. You would check for Address Duplicates if you only wanted one mail piece per address.
George Smith 100 Main St, Anytown, NC 27409
Sam Adams 100 Main St, Anytown, NC 27409
This would mail as:
Current Resident 100 Main St, Anytown, NC 27409
The measured length (in points) of the lowercase alphabet of a certain size and series of type.
Paper with a rough, sized surface used for book and cover stock.
A quick drying water based coating used to protect printed materials.
Water soluble plate coatings, which are less toxic and less polluting.
Any materials or images that are prepared for graphic reproduction.
All illustrated material, ornamentation, photos and charts etc., that is prepared for reproduction.
Any part of a lower case letter which rises above the main body of the letter such as in "d", "b" and "h".
The aspect ratio is calculated for postcards and letter sized mail pieces. It is the width divided by the height. That ratio must be between 1.3 and 2.5. If your piece is outside of this range, it can't be mailed at the automation discount rates.
Print applied to both sides of a sheet of paper.
Print process of printing on the backside or 2nd side of a sheet
That portion of a photograph or line art drawing that appears furthest from the eye; the surface upon which the main image is superimposed.
A term used to describe the aesthetic or harmony of elements, whether they are photos, art or copy, within a layout or design.
In an illustration, any line which encircles copy, or dialogue.
The primary headline usually spanning the entire width of a page.
This is a term used to describe the imaginary horizontal line upon which stand capitals, lower case letters, punctuation points etc.
Basis or basic weight refers to the weight, in pounds, of a ream (500 sheets) of paper cut to a given standard size for that particular paper grade.
Various methods of securing folded sections together and or fastening them to a cover, to form single copies of a book.
On offset presses a fabric-reinforced sheet of rubber to transfer the impression from the plate onto the paper.
Extra ink area that crosses trim line, used to allow for variations that occur when the reproduction is trimmed or die-cut.
Although seemingly dry, paper does contain approximately 5% moisture. In cases where there is excessive moisture, and the paper is passed through a high heat-drying chamber, the moisture within the paper actually boils and causes a bubble or blistering effect.
To mask a section of an art layout before reproduction.
A grade of durable writing, printing and typing paper that has a standard size of 17x22 inches.
A general classification to describe papers used to print books; its standard size is 25x38 inches. A printed work which contains more than 64 pages.
A term given to the fold whereby paper is folded with the short side running with the grain.
A pamphlet that is bound in booklet form.
A portion of the binding machinery with rollers that fold the paper.
A term given to paper to describe its thickness relative to its weight.
Bulk Mail is no longer a recognized term by the USPS. The term that replaced it is Standard Rate. Standard Rate mail can be anything that is not highly personalized or sensitive in nature.Standard Rate mail is given a significant discount from First Class rates. It can be opened and inspected by the Post Office. Typical delivery is 3 to 10 days.
A boldface square or dot used before a sentence to emphasize its importance.
The measurement of thickness of paper expressed in thousandths of an inch or mils.
A term given to any copy, artwork etc., that is prepared for photographic reproduction.
Instructions in the typesetting process that indicate the use of a capital letter to start a sentence and the rest of the letters in lower case.
Two sizes of capital letters made in one size of type.
Books bound using hard board (case) covers.
The process of verifying an address is a valid and deliverable address. CASS does NOT verify that anyone lives at a particular address, just that the address is valid and deliverable. CASS stands for Coding Accuracy Support System.
Paper coated with clay, white pigments and a binder. Better for printing because there is less picking.
Any paper that has a mineral coating applied after the paper is made, giving the paper a smoother finish.
To gather sheets or signatures together in their correct order. (see Gather)
This term refers to a color test strip, which is printed on the waste portion of a press sheet. It is a standardized (GATF-Graphic Arts Technical Foundation) process which allows a pressman to determine the quality of the printed material relative to ink density, registration, and dot gain. It also includes the Star Target, which is a similar system designed to detect inking problems.
The processes of separating the primary color components for printing.
A narrow, elongated type face.
A board upon which the copy is pasted for the purpose of photographing.
A term describing a general type of papers used for the covers of books, pamphlets etc.
A term used to describe when a piece with lots of ink or toner is folded without being creased and the paper fibers tear resulting in a jagged folded edge and ink or toner peeling off.
When the rubber blanket on a cylinder moves forward due to contact with the plate or paper. Result of added thickness of folded sheets being behind one another in a folded signature. Outer edges of sheets creep away from back most fold as more folded sheets are inserted inside the middle.
To eliminate a portion of the art or copy as indicated by crop marks.
Markings at edges of original or on guide sheet to indicate the area desired in reproduction with negative or plate trimmed (cropped) at the markings.
Not lying flat and tending to form into cylindrical or wavy shapes. A term to describe the differences of either side of a sheet relative to coatings, absorbency etc.; the concave side is the curl side.
Machine for accurately cutting stacks of paper to desired dimensions...can also be used to crease. Also trims out final bound books' top size (soft cover).
The dedupe process checks for duplicates on a mailing list. See also, Exact dupes, Household dupes, Address dupes
An optical device used by printers and photographers to measure and control the density of color.
A term that describes that portion of lower case letters which extends below the main body of the letter, as in "p".
A light sensitive coal tar product used as a coating on presensitized plates, as well as overlay proofs.
A method of using sharp steel ruled stamps or rollers to cut various shapes i.e. labels, boxes, image shapes, either post press or in line. The process of cutting paper in a shape or design by the use of a wooden die or block in which are positioned steel rules in the shape of the desired pattern.
Color separation data is digitally stored and then exposed to color photographic paper creating a picture of the final product before it is actually printed.
Occurs when you fold into a fold (such as a letter fold). At the side of one of the creases you get an indentation. It may look like a small inverted triangle.
The actual drilling of holes into paper for ring or comb binding.
A shadow image placed strategically behind an image to create the affect of the image lifting off the page.
Any matte finished paper.
A term used to describe the preliminary assemblage of copy and art elements to be reproduced in the desired finished product; also called a comp.
The finish of paper surface that resembles an eggshell achieved by omitting the calendar process. Reference, calendar rolls.
A process of generating a prepress proof in which paper is electronically exposed to the color separation negatives; the paper is passed through the electrically charged pigmented toners, which adhere electrostatically, resulting in the finished proof.
A unit of measurement equaling 12 points or 4.5mm.
A method of paper finishing whereby a pattern is pressed into the paper when it is dry.
A printing process whereby images such as copy or art are etched onto a plate. When ink is applied, these etched areas act as small wells to hold the ink; paper is forced against this die and the ink is lifted out of the etched areas creating raised images on the paper.
An exact dupe is where a single person is on a list more than one time. In this situation we would eliminate one of the records and mail only one piece.
Keegan Jones 450 Maple Dr, Anytown, NC 27106
Keegan Jones 450 Maple Dr, Anytown, NC 27106
Paper folding that emulates an accordion or fan, the folds being alternating and parallel.
The surface quality of paper.
Mail piece size where one of the dimensions exceeds those of a letter. Therefore, the piece must be more than .25 inch thick, longer than 11.5 inches, or taller than 6.125 inches.
Markings at top edges that show where folds should occur.
Machine used to fold signatures down into sections.
The characters which make up a complete typeface and size.
Folder with printing on one side so that when folded once in each direction, the printing on outside of the folds.
Group of frames or impositions in the same forme of different jobs arranged and positioned to be printed together.
When an image transfers either to another sheet or across from a fold due to ink/toner not being dry. Ghosting essentially transfers a lighter image to another sheet or from a fold that is not desired.
Garbage in, garbage out. Usually referred to that if files or lists provided are not of a good quality, the resulting printed pieces or output data can't be expected to be perfect.
Direction of fibers in a sheet of paper governing paper properties such as increased size changes with relative humidity, across the grain, and better folding properties along the grain.
The grippers of the printing press move the paper through the press by holding onto the leading edge of the sheet; this edge is the gripper edge.
Space between pages in the printing frame of a book, or inside margin towards the back or binding edge. The blank space or margin between the type page and the binding of a book.
Tone graduated image composed of varying sized dots or lines, with equidistant centers.
Imperfections in presswork due to dirt on press, trapping errors, etc.
This is a term that refers to a paper that a printer keeps on hand in his shop.
Household dupes are when you have more than one person at an address with the same last name. Typically you will check for household duplicates if you do not want to send more than one piece to a family.
Amber Bryant, 230 N Elm St, Anytown, NC 27405
Jim Brynat, 230 N Elm St, Anytown, NC 27405
With the householding technique you would mail to:
The Bryant Family 230 N Elm St, Anytown, NC 27405
That portion of the printing plate that carries the ink and prints on paper.
Arrangement of pages so that they print correctly on a press sheet, and the pages are in proper order when the sheets are folded.
Markings pre-printed on mailing envelopes to replace the stamp.
A printing technology that involves the transfer of ink through small jets rather than a transfer from a printing plate. Ink jet printing can have a tendancy to have some overspray.
The narrowing of space between two letters so that they become closer and take up less space on the page.
A rendition that shows the placement of all the elements, roughs, thumbnails etc., of the final printed piece before it goes to print.
Space between lines of type; the distance in points between one baseline and the next.
Mail piece that is no larger than 6.125" tall and 11.5" wide and less than 0.25" thick. The piece must also be larger than 3.5" tall and greater than 5" wide and more than 0.009" thick.
The actual weight of 1000 sheets of any given size of paper.
A coated paper finish that goes through minimal calendaring. Reference, calendaring.
A term used to describe finished artwork that is camera ready for reproduction, including all type, photos, illustrations etc.
A group of ZIP codes usually in close proximity defining a large metropolitan area (e.g. New York City or Los Angeles).
NCOA processes a mail list against the USPS most recent list of address changes on file. NCOA is different from CASS as it verifies who (or what company) is at a specific address. An NCOA update can search back either 18 or 48 months. PostMark uses the 48 month search. NCOA stands for National Change of Address.
A term used to describe printed books, catalogs etc., that are bound on their shorter side; also referred to as album bound.
The most commonly used printing method, whereby the printed material does not receive the ink directly from the printing plate but from an intermediary cylinder called a blanket which receives the ink from the plate and transfers it to the paper.
A quality of paper that allows relatively little light to pass through.
Surplus of copies printed.
Any printing that is done on an area that has already been printed.
A sheet that is larger than the cut stock of the same paper.
Binding process where backs of sections are cut off, roughened and glued together, and rung in a cover.
Printing both sides of the paper (or other material) on the same pass through the printing machine.
Punching small holes or slits in a sheet of paper or cardboard to facilitate tearing along a desired line.
In printing the four primary colors are cyan (blue), magenta (red), yellow and black. Also referred to as CMYK.
Printing from two or more half tones to produce intermediate colors and shades.
Impression from composed type or blocks, taken for checking and correction, from a lithographic plate to check accuracy of layout, type matter, tone and color reproduction.
500 sheets of paper.
The arrangement of two or more images in exact alignment with each other.
A term that denotes folds that are 90 degrees to each other.
Stitching where the wire staples pass through the spine from the outside and are clinched in the center. Only used with folded sections, either single sections or two or more sections inset to form a single section.
A smooth delicately embossed finished paper with sheen.
The enlargement or reduction of an image or copy to fit a specific area.
A cover made out of the same paper stock as the internal sheets.
A mail piece constructed of a single sheet of paper that folds before mailing.
A term to describe the process of cutting of printed sheets by the cutting wheels of a printing press.
A binding whereby a wire or plastic is spiraled through holes punched along the binding side.
Small area printed in a second color.
Standard Rate mail can be anything that is not highly personalized or sensitive in nature.Standard Rate mail is given a significant discount from First Class rates. It can be opened and inspected by the Post Office. Typical delivery is 3 to 10 days.
A process of generating multiple exposures by taking an image and stepping it according to a predetermined layout.
A proofreader's symbol that is usually written in the copy margin, that indicates that the copy, which was marked for correction, should be left as it was.
A term for unprinted paper or other material to be printed.
In the mailing industry, referred to as the sticker or "wafer seal" that keeps a self mailer closed during mailing. Typically a tab is either white or clear. It can also be other colors.
Tab is referred to as the extended part of a file folder, for example like on a 1/3 cut manilla folder.
A high quality printing paper.
A halftone screen that contains all the same sized dots.
The rough surfaced finish of papers such as vellum or antique.
Inks that do not block out the colored inks that they print over, but instead blend with them to create intermediate colors.
The process of printing wet ink over printed ink which may be wet or dry.
Marks placed on the sheet to indicate where to cut the page.
A term used to describe how many similar sheets can be produced on a larger sheet; two up, four up, etc.
A clear shiny ink used to add gloss to printed pieces. The primary component of the ink vehicle. Reference, vehicle.
A translucent logo that is embossed during the papermaking process while the paper slurry is on the dandy roll. Reference, dandy roll